Interactions of Standard Antibody with Australia Antigens in Au Ag-Ab Radioimmunoassay

au ag disease

Abstract

Human antisera against Australia (Au) antigen have been characterized by liquid-phase radioimmunoassay (RIA) for their precipitation of 125 I-labeled Au antigen. The end-point dilutions of sera (anti-Au) which precipitated 50% of 125 I-Au antigen by RIA correlated well with complement fixation titers but had a much wider range, indicating a greater precision and perhaps a better sensitivity of assay. Anti-Au serum diluted to precipitate 50% of 125 I-labeled Au antigen was used as standard antibody in RIA tests to detect either inhibition or enhancement of the reaction by preincubated mixtures of Au antigen and antibody specimens. Without free Au antigen or antibody in the resultant mixtures there was no inhibition or enhancement; the mixtures presumably contained immunoreactively equivalent proportions of Au antigen and antibody. RIA data for diagnostic specimens indicated an end-point sensitivity which was proportional to the dilution of the standard anti-Au sera used in the test. High concentrations of the standard antibody permitted detectable inhibition of 125 I-Au antigen precipitation at lower antigen specimen concentrations. Similarly, low concentrations of the standard antibody permitted detectable enhancement of 125 I-Au antigen precipitation at lower antibody specimen concentrations. Omitting the standard antibody altogether resulted in a more sensitive RIA for Au antibody in test sera.

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Selected References

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