There are a variety of medicines available to treat asthma. What is important to know is that there is no "best" medicine for all people. Each person's asthma is different and your healthcare provider and healthcare team will work with you to set up the best plan for you, based upon your symptoms and your needs. By taking the right medicine at the right time, you can:
- Breathe better
- Do more of the things you want to do
- Have fewer asthma symptoms
Many good treatments for asthma are available today. Some asthma medicines relax your airways and help you breathe easier, while other treatments reduce the swelling and inflammation in your airways. It's important to follow your healthcare provider's advice about your treatment. Some medicines help prevent asthma symptoms. You need to take these medicines all the time, even when you feel well. Other medicines may be needed if your asthma starts to get worse. If your asthma is getting worse, it's important to start treatment early, as soon as your symptoms begin.
Here are the types of medicines usually prescribed for asthma:
Bronchodilators relax the muscles around the airways (breathing tubes). When the airways are more open, it is easier to breathe. There are two general types of bronchodilators, and you may be prescribed one or more types:
Short-Acting bronchodilators work quickly after you take them so that you feel relief from symptoms quickly.
Long-Acting bronchodilators have effects that last a long time. They should not be used for quick relief. These medications are only recommended for use when combined with an anti-inflammatory asthma medicine (see below).
Anti-Inflammatory medicines help by reducing the swelling and mucus production inside the airways. When that inflammation is reduced, it is easier to breathe. These medicines are also called corticosteroids or steroids. Most often, these are inhaled medications and it is important to rinse out your mouth with water immediately after using them to avoid getting a yeast infection in your throat called thrush .
corticosteroids are in pill form and usually are used for short periods of time in special circumstances, such as when your symptoms are getting worse.
There are a few medicines that combine inhaled bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids.
People with asthma can have flare-ups that may be caused by bacterial or viral infections. Your doctor may want you to have a prescription for an antibiotic or an anti-viral that you keep on hand and that you will be told to get filled if you have an infection coming on.
It is important to take any antibiotic exactly as prescribed and to take it all, even if you start to feel better before it is all used up. If you do not take it all, the infection may come back and be even stronger and harder to treat.
With asthma, yhou are at greater risk for serious complications from influenza (flu) and pneumonia. To protect yourself against the flu you should be immunized every year. The seasonal flu virus changes slightly every year and that is why it is important for you to get vaccinated every season. Click here for more information about the flu vaccine. The pneumonia vaccine is important to get at least once, and sometimes a booster shot is recommended. Ask you healthcare provider if it is time for your pneumonia shot.
How To Get The Most Out Of Your Asthma Medicine
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Asthma medicines do not cure asthma but they can help improve your symptoms. The most important thing is to take your medicine(s) exactly as your healthcare provider has instructed you to take them. That means, taking the right medicine at the right time and with the proper technique.
If you are having asthma symptoms, are not sure if you are taking your medicine correctly, or if you are experiencing bothersome side effects, talk to your healthcare provider or another member of your healthcare team. They can help make sure you understand the correct way to take the medicines or may want to make some adjustments in the medicines you are taking.