Blood pressure medications

blood pressure medications

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Blood Pressure Medications

There are several high blood pressure medications or (antihypertensives) that are available for use. Each medication will have its benefits as well as some associated disadvantages. Depending on the severity of your hypertension your doctor may prescribe more than one kind of antihypertensive.

Recommendations to change the patient’s lifestyle will also be essential and will work in conjunction with any antihypertensives prescribed to lower the potentially life-threatening blood pressure levels. These changes may also reduce the number of prescribed medications taken by the patient.

Lifestyle Changes

The following includes the list of changes in the patient’s lifestyle that will prove beneficial in combating blood pressure disorders.

  • quit smoking. Smoking is injurious to health and more so, for blood pressure complications.
  • exercise. Doing some form of physical activity for at least 30 minutes per day is said to be extremely productive in fighting blood pressure problems. It is advisable to develop an exercise routine that includes cardio exercises like running, jogging, step aerobics, bicycling and / or walking. If the patient is unable to do 30 minutes of continuous exercise in the initial stages of adopting a new work-out routine, he / she may break down the time spent exercising into different sessions per day. For example: 3 sessions of 10 minutes each.
  • maintaining a healthy weight. The patient should try and maintain a healthy or ideal weight by eating balanced meals and exercising regularly.
  • restraint in consuming alcohol or abstaining from its consumption. Drink alcohol less frequently or not at all. It is estimated that no more than one drink for a woman and two drinks for a man is ideal to remain healthy, without complications.
  • having a healthy, balanced diet. Make alterations to the patient’s diet by making them consume more fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy products. Lesser the amount of salt used to prepare food, the better.

High Blood Pressure Medications (Antihypertensive)

These medications are usually prescribed when lifestyle changes alone do not succeed in lowering high blood pressure levels. The following list of medications includes the major trade names as well as the generic names of blood pressure medications.


Diuretics promote the body to eliminate excess fluids and sodium by increasing urination. If a diuretic does not work on its own it may be used with other antihypertensives. Diuretics are said to assist in lowering the blood pressure by reducing the volume of fluids present in the blood vessels. Some common diuretics include:

  • Chlorthalidone (Hygroton)
  • Spironlactone (Aldactone)
  • Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
  • Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix, Hydrodiuril)
  • Bumetanide (Bumex)
  • Amiloride (Midamor)
  • Indapamide (Lozol)
  • Furosemide (Lasix)

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors

This class of drug will induce the

expansion of blood vessels and reduce resistance. This will allow the blood supply to circulate more freely throughout the body therefore allowing the heart to work more effectively. It may also be used to treat heart failure symptoms. It is contraindicated for pregnant women or women who are trying to become pregnant. If the patient becomes pregnant while on these pills, she ought to discontinue its usage and should consult a doctor immediately. The following are some available ACE inhibitors:

  • Benazepril (Lotensin)
  • Caporal (Capoten)
  • Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
  • Trandolapril (Mavik)
  • Ramipril (Altace)
  • Moexipril (Univasc)
  • Enalapril (Vasotec)
  • Quinapril (Accupril)
  • Perindopril (Aceon)
  • Fosinopril (Monopril)

Angiotensin-2 Receptor Antagonists

This will mimic the effect of ACE inhibitors, but are generally more tolerated because they will not cause as much coughing. They prevent angiotensin II from having any effect on the heart and blood vessels. This will control blood pressure levels by keeping it from rising. These drugs should not be taken if the patient is pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Some Angiotensin-2 receptor antagonists will include:

  • Telmisartan (Micardis)
  • Valsartan (Diovan)
  • Losartan (Cozaar)
  • Candesartan (Atacand)
  • Irbesartan (Avapro)
  • Eprosartan (Teveten)

Beta Blockers

Beta Blockers will reduce the heart rate and cardiac output which will ultimately lower blood pressure levels. These may include:

  • Atenolol (Tenormin)
  • Timolol (Blocadren)
  • Sotalol (Betapace)
  • Nadolol (Corgard)
  • Propranolol (Inderal)
  • Carteolol (Cartrol)
  • Bisoprolol (Zebeta)
  • Betaxolol (Kerlone)
  • Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
  • Acebutolol (Sectral)
  • Bisoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac)

Combination Therapies

  • Propranolol and hydrochlorothiazide (Inderide)
  • Timolol and hydrochlorothiazide (Timolide)
  • Bisoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac)
  • Atenolol and chlorthalidone (Tenoretic)
  • Nadolol and bendroflumethiazide (Corzide)

Combination Therapy – ACE Inhibitor / Diuretic

  • Lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide (Prinzide, Zestoretic)
  • Moexipril and hydrochlorothiazide (Uniretic)
  • Quinapril and hydrochlorothiazide (Accuretic)
  • Benazepril and hydrochlorothiazide (Lotensin)
  • Enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide (Vaseretic)

Calcium Channel Blockers

Calcium channel blockers will hinder the movement of calcium into the heart and vessel cells. These will include:

  • Nisoldipine (Sular)
  • Nimodipine (Nimotop)
  • Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, Verelan)
  • Amlodipine (Norvasc, Lotrel)
  • Bepridil (Vascor)
  • Felodipine (Plendil)
  • Diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac)
  • Nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia)

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