Dengue refers to a tropical disease caused by four different types of virus. It is usually transmitted by an Aedes mosquito that is infected with a dengue virus.
Characterized by severe flu-like symptoms, dengue affects infants, children and adults alike and could be fatal. The clinical manifestations of dengue vary with the age of the patient. A person suffering from high fever in the range of 40°C/ 104°F, accompanied by any two of the following symptoms could be suffering from dengue:
Here is a detailed information on symptoms of dengue
Diagnosis of dengue is usually done based on patient’s symptoms and physical examination, especially in endemic areas. A probable diagnosis is made on the findings of fever with the following symptoms: nausea and vomiting, rash and generalized pain. The common tests used in dengue diagnosis are:
- Complete Blood Count
- ELISA test for dengue NS1 Ag
- PCR for detecting viral DNA
- Serum IgG and IgM test
Because dengue fever is a viral infection, there is no specific treatment for the condition. The patient should seek medical advice and drink plenty of fluids.
Symptomatic relief can be sought using NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as Paracetamol. But drugs such as aspirin or
ibuprofen should not be taken since they can increase the risk of bleeding.
For severe dengue, medical care by experienced physicians can frequently save lives. It is important to maintain the fluid volume of the patient for recuperation of the patient. Read more about treatment of dengue fever
Dengue fever is a serious condition that needs adequate medical attention. The onset of shock in dengue can be dramatic, and its progression relentless. Here is what can happen to you if dengue fever progresses to dengue shock syndrome:
- Severe pain in the abdomen
- Fluid accumulation in the liver
- Fluid accumulation in the chest
Dengue is a communicable diseases spread by mosquitoes from one human to another. So, the only way it can really be prevented is by avoiding mosquito bites. Other measures that can be employed to prevent dengue include -
- One can make sure all egg-laying habitats of mosquitoes like open and stagnant water source are cleaned up.
- If there are any open water sources you cannot eliminate, cover them and apply appropriate insecticides.
- Use protection such as window screens, long-sleeved clothes, and insecticide treated materials, coils and vaporizers.